A study on the lack of independence among Indian hockey players
Author(s): Gurjit Singh and Amandeep Kaur
The purpose of this study was to compare the Lack of independence among sub-junior-level, junior-level and senior-level Hockey Players. To obtain data, the investigators selected Ninety-Nine (N=99), Female subjects between the age group of 12-28 years (Mean ± SD: Age 16.90±3.80 (yrs), Body Height 161.41±4.97 (cm), Body Mass 52.36±5.35 (kg)). For evaluating the levels of Lack of Independence, Emotional Maturity among subjects, Singh and Bhargava’s (1988) Emotional Maturity Scale (EMS) was used. This scale consists of five parameters namely: (Emotional Instability, Emotional Regression, Social Maladjustment, Personality Disintegration and Lack of Independence). The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) was used for all analyses. The differences in the mean of each group for selected variables were tested for the significance of difference by One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). For testing the hypotheses, the level of significance was set at 0.05. To conclude, it is significant to mention in relation to Lack of Independence that results of Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) among Hockey Players were found statistically significant (p<.05).