India Pakistan relation and proliferation of nuclear weapons in South Asia
Author(s): Dr. Jitendra Kumar Yadav
Abstract: India and Pakistan, both the south Asian countries accepted that both have nuclear capability but this is only for maintaining the peace not for developing nuclear weapons. International bodies pressurized both the countries to open their nuclear installation for checking the activities as well as sign the NPT but both the countries denied for it due the security reasons. The lack of talk and confidence building measures between the two countries. India and Pakistan have not engaged in official or unofficial talks on nuclear issues for several years, and have no formal mechanisms to communicate or de-escalate during a crisis. Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty is a worldwide treaty which aims to avoid the increase of nuclear weapon and its technology, to encourage cooperation in the peaceful use of nuclear energy as well as achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament. India was the first country to openly oppose the NPT, which it saw as a tool to perpetuate the nuclear monopoly of the five recognized nuclear-weapon nations. India’s decision was also influenced by its security environment, especially the threat posed by China, which had conducted its first nuclear test in 1964 and had fought a border war with India in 1962. India claimed that Pakistan always promoting terrorism which operates in Kashmir and rest of India, such as Lashkar-e-Taiba, Jaish-e-Mohammed), Hizbul Mujahideen.