Medicinal plants found in Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Author(s): Rashmi Janak
Abstract: This study aimed to document the indigenous healthcare knowledge of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands tribes (Nicobarese, Shompens, Jarawas, Onges). Many plant species are used as medicines by the Nicobarese. Unfortunately, many of the species they harvest are on the verge of extinction in their natural habitat. Among these, 39 endemic species belonging to 38 different genera and families have been identified, and their populations are steadily eroding. More than a dozen of these 17 species were utilized to treat various diseases, including intestinal disorders, malarial fever, asthma and cough-related ailments in 25 families, and malignant blisters. Consider the biochemical processes that these organisms engage in. In this message, conservation measures have also been mentioned. Therefore, it is important to investigate these species' phytogeography to apply conservation measures.