Issues related to the food security in the developing countries and its solution
Author(s): Dr. Kanwar Bhan
Abstract: There is an important problem of food security in the world that the majority of population in the underdeveloped country is facing the severity of food crisis. The large number of population facing the problem of non availability of food grains, scarcity of sufficient quantity and consequent to which large number of people have to face the problem malnutrition. It is an important that the food supply per capita has also increased manifold since 1961 with the excessive use of nitrogen fertilizers and modern irrigation facilities. The main culprit behind the problem of food crisis may be attributed to the factors of population growth, increased demand for animal source products and also from the climate change. It been assumed that there are four important variables which are responsible behind the problem of food crisis maybe conceptualize as availability, access, utilization and stability. The phenomenon of climate change is already accelerating the problem of food crisis with the unprecedented increase in the temperature that directly or indirectly the affect the growth and production of food grains in the world as it is evident from the different reports published by the IPCC in recent years. In this direction the important phenomena which attracted the attention is the impact of climate change on the world best pastoral systems. The pastrolism is an important economic activity practiced by large a number of people in the world in the form of Nomadic herders, transhumance herders and impact is also upon the large tract of African countries. The considerable decrease in the size of pastures have ultimately dwindle the economic activities of Nomadic herders and highly decrease the biodiversity in the ancient nomadic pastoral areas. Agriculture and the food systems are interdependent to each other in ecological system that the food supply may only be remain constant if the agriculture and its climatic and social economic factors in the world remain in its under control conditions, then the capacity of agriculture to be effective to fulfill the needs of human being for food grains in a consistent manner and contrary to it the whole population may come under the severe impact of food crisis.