Abstract: In this article you can find about introduction to the literary periods, the contribution of written literature in literary periods, oral literature plays the role of a mother to written literature, oppositions about literary periods and a glance at its background in other languages, new theories about the naming of literary periods, how many literary periods there are in Pashto literature and what features separate them from one another and their individual characteristics of each literary period is described. The value of a topic is to find a solution to a controversial issue. I encountered difficulties and limitations during the work, the lack of books and the controversial opinion regarding it, are worth mentioning. The goal of this article is to point out the materials of controversies and the ways of the literary periods. A lot of articles have been written on this subject and we can also find ideas about it in many books, but the achievement of my work is different from previous works. Information from various books have been used in the article, as this is library-based research, descriptive and analytical methods have been used in it. Previous works and articles have been read and used, and a descriptive and analytical article has been written.