International Journal of Advanced Academic Studies
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International Journal of Advanced Academic Studies

2021, Vol. 3, Issue 1, Part D

Primary study of groundwater quality in Ghazni city, Ghazni, Afghanistan

Author(s): Mohammad Naeem Sarwary, Mohammad Hussain Behzad and Abdulbaqi Rahmani

Abstract: Historical groundwater level and water quality data in Ghazni province poorly were reviewed and compared with the data collected in the past than recently. The results suggest that the groundwater quality and water level have been improved progressively with urban development, land use, climate change, social development and frequent drought events. The main impact of these events include; 1- most of the springs and flume have dried up; 2- decreased annual atmospheric precipitation; 3- increased serious deterioration of water quality; 4- increased water logging and irregulation salinization; 5-declining of water level in excess of recharge trend; 7- increased evaporation and discharge; 6- marshes dried up in several areas of the Basin, leaving salt crust at the surface. The above impacts have resulted in the replacement of surface water by groundwater resources to support socio-economic development. This, however, is basically not possible because of low thickness and productivity of the aquifers. We have done very little to advertency water quality deterioration and serious lowering of the groundwater level due to fragmented institutional arrangements and poor formulation of effective water policies, strategies and regulation for Integrated groundwater resources management, development, protection and sustainability. Groundwater natural reserves have been depleted and water quality has deteriorated due to over-exploitation. Overall Afghanistan, Arsenic (total as) contamination are an issue of current drinking water supply systems where users have been using groundwater sources. Arsenic contamination is the major environmental health management concerns especially in Ghazni province in WASH sector. Increasing human activities and haphazard urbanization have modified the cycle of heavy metal, non-metal and metalloids. The arsenic contaminated groundwater used for drinking can cause adverse effect of human health of study area. The water quality study with 96 samples from drinking water points (DWPs) have been carried in center of Ghazni province results show that the arsenic concentration values in the study area varied between 0.00-0.99 mg/L and 38% of DWPs samples exceeded the value of the WHO guideline of 0.01 mg/L of As Owever, 62% of analyzed water samples exceeded the National drinking water quality standard (NDWQS) of 0.05 mg/L of As.

Pages: 294-302 | Views: 932 | Downloads: 661

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How to cite this article:
Mohammad Naeem Sarwary, Mohammad Hussain Behzad, Abdulbaqi Rahmani. Primary study of groundwater quality in Ghazni city, Ghazni, Afghanistan. Int J Adv Acad Stud 2021;3(1):294-302.
International Journal of Advanced Academic Studies