Abstract: Proverbs is one of the best examples of Pashto oral literature, which has given special beauty, richness and value to Pashto folk literature. Proverbs are the most precious, best and mature sayings of our forefathers, which have been passed down from mouth to mouth and come to date where the phrases are humorous, short and have a great purpose. The purpose of this study is to discuss the role and effectiveness of proverbs in resolving social conflicts and disputes in the society, how to find solutions to these conflicts on the strength of proverbs and put an end to them. In the present study descriptive and library methods were used. The finding of this research shows that proverbs play a crucial and unique role in resolving social conflicts, so that leaders and Jirgas can easily and simply convince both sides of the conflict, briefly provide a comprehensive concept and reconciliation between the two sides.