Abstract: From the dawn of history, the spiritual came to India seeking wisdom, others came in search of either glory through conquest or wealth through commerce or both. For more than a thousand years, India was at the heart of an intricate trading system in the Indian Ocean. Persians, Uzbeks and Tajiks were followed by the Arabs and Afghans, and finally came the European seafarers. Columbus sought India and died in the belief that he had found in. Vasco Di Gama got his bearings a little more accurately and the. European inflow culminated in the British Raj. We celebrate diversity and pluralism. There are not many countries where a Muslim head of state, a Sikh head of government a Christian leader of the largest political party or a majority representative heading the armed forces would be so taken for granted as to barely cause comment. That is because we have a genuinely pluralistic culture, one when all faiths are equally respected.