Abstract: Indian Ocean has been a focus of new great game among global and regional powers to bring it under their respective influences. Security of the sea is perceived as a mere extension of land activities but this concept has been changed because of the growing dependence on the sea. Waterways have become more important as we moved into globalized world with standing the geo-strategic, economic, and military factors. Undoubtedly, economic growth has placed a considerable emphasis on trade, sea born export and import but maritime affairs have to be seen in wider context. Over the past two decades, growing economy, dependence on the outer resources and market accessibilities have forced to China to secure sea routes from Persian-gulf to Myanmar and then to South China Sea via Indian Ocean. Openings up of new energy resources in Central Asia and in and around Caspian Sea have added another dimension in China's interests in Indian Ocean region. Within this framework, purpose of this paper is to study China’s maritime policy and its indulgence to promote its interests fundamentally clashing with India’s preponderance and the US strategic interests.